Part VI Transport Infrastructures, 19 Airports (II): Competition
Eliška Mamdaniová, Daniel Mes, Luis Ortiz Blanco, Jokin Beltrán de Lubiano
Edited By: Luis Ortiz Blanco, Ben Van Houtte
- Joint ventures — European Union — Airline alliances and mergers — Airport infrastructure — Passenger transport
Airports are essential for the provision of air transport services. They provide necessary infrastructure for aircraft take-off and landing, including all related services while the aircraft is on the ground and the processing of passengers and freight. As airport operators provide services on a market, that is to say, carry out an economic activity, they are considered as undertakings for the purposes of competition law. This chapter discusses the definition of relevant markets in the context of airports, and provides an overview of the decision practice in connection with restrictive agreements and abuses of dominant position at airports—addressing in particular airport charges and ground handing issues, as well as merger operations. The chapter continues by elaborating on the application of State aid discipline to airports.