Part VI Transport Infrastructures, 18 Airports (I): Liberalization and Regulation
Raluca Ionescu, Dimitri de Bournonville, Charlotte Thijssen, Simon Brain
Edited By: Luis Ortiz Blanco, Ben Van Houtte
- Market definition — Market power — European Union — Airline alliances and mergers — Airport infrastructure
Chapter 18 addresses the specific EU regulation of airport operations. Airport slots are a key asset of airlines, especially at congested airports, and the slots regulation provides the framework for grandfather rights while allowing for some mobility for new entrants or because of trading. Moreover, increasing concerns about security require a thorough analysis of the flow of people and goods, and appropriate safeguards must be put in place. Noise and gaseous emissions call for measures to protect the environment. And, obviously, costs need to be contained to ensure that air travel remains affordable. The directive on airport charges lists the principles that should govern the calculation of these fees and discusses remaining open issues. The directive on ground handling explains how services provided to airlines at busy airports are partially opened to competition, while allowing safeguards to ensure safety of operations and protection of workers’ rights.