- Market power — Rights — Internet — Technology
This chapter explores the issue of path dependence and competitive portals—critical inflection points where antitrust can make a key difference by focusing on data-driven anticompetitive exclusionary and predatory behaviour. Competition law can deter exclusionary and predatory practices and keep competitive portals. Big Data enhances this as it can confer power and a durable competitive advantage. This works in hand with data-driven network effects which improve product or service quality. At times, consumers benefit from this competitive rivalry and drive to maintain a data advantage. Companies innovate to expand their platform of services to secure a greater following. But when the stakes are greater, so too are the incentives to engage in unfair practices to tip the market to the company’s favour and maintain a monopoly. Consequently, competition authorities must be alert to dominant companies’ unfair practices aimed at thwarting competitors and disrupting innovators. The chapter outlines several potentially anticompetitive data-driven tactics.