- Cartels — European Union — Complaints — Leniency Notice
The chapter contains an overview of the different aspects involved in a cartel investigation. James Venit, Ingrid Vandenborre, and Tiffany Rider (Skadden, Brussels and Washington DC) provide practical insights into the European Commission’s investigatory process. They discuss how cartel investigations can start (complaints, ex officio, and leniency) and how they are conducted (inspections, requests for information, witnesses). The chapter then continues to discuss issues pertaining to requesting leniency. Pablo Amador Sanchez (senior legal officer, Dutch Competition Authority) complements the private practitioner’s contribution by discussing from an enforcer’s perspective the efforts of competition authorities to detect cartels ex officio (outside leniency applications), and provides practical suggestions for submitting a leniency application and cooperating with the competition authorities.
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