2.01 The European Economic Community (EEC), which led to the European Union, was established after the Second World War in order to solve major problems that arose after the war. Six countries—France, West Germany, Belgium, the Netherlands, Luxembourg, and Italy—signed the Treaty of Rome in 1957, thereby establishing the EEC. The European Coal and Steel Community (ECSC), signed in 1952, and the European Atomic Energy Community (EUROATOM), signed in 1957, also contributed to the formation of the EEC (also known as the European Community). This series of events,...
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