Part V The Analytical Framework of Article 102, 12 General Conclusion
From: The Foundations of European Union Competition Law: The Objective and Principles of Article 102
- Exploitative abuse — Basic principles of competition law — Original dominance test
This concluding chapter retraces the main thread of the reasoning in this book, from the identification of the normative foundations of competition law to the discussion of the objective of EU competition law and Article 102 and the design of the tests to determine whether conduct is abusive and whether one or more undertakings are dominant. The objective, principles, and tests that constitute the legal fabric of Article 102 can be summarized in thirty-four propositions divided into three parts: objectives and general principles; assessment of conduct; and assessment of dominance. The chapter then highlights the main areas where the current case law or enforcement practice is in need of being reviewed. These main areas include the law on conditional rebates, refusal to supply, margin squeeze, tying, discrimination, and exploitative abuses.