- Agriculture — Coal and steel — Nuclear energy — Transport — Water
This chapter deals with three issues. First it examines those sectors of the economy that are wholly or partly excluded from EU competition law, namely nuclear energy, military equipment and agriculture; the special regime for coal and steel products under the former European Coal and Steel Community (‘the ECSC’) Treaty is briefly referred to. Secondly, it describes how the EU competition rules apply to the transport sector. Finally, the chapter considers the specific circumstances of so-called ‘regulated industries’ such as electronic communications, post and energy and the way in which EU and UK competition law apply to them. Constraints of space mean that these matters can be described only in outline; references to specialised literature on the application of competition law to particular sectors will be provided where appropriate.