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EU Regulation and Competition Law in the Transport Sector, 2nd Edition edited by Ortiz Blanco, Luis; Van Houtte, Ben (23rd February 2017)

Part II Common Issues, 3 EU Environmental Transport Policy and Legal Instruments

Koen De Vos

From: EU Regulation and Competition Law in the Transport Sector (2nd Edition)

Edited By: Luis Ortiz Blanco, Ben Van Houtte

Subject(s):
Environment — Motor vehicles — Air Transport — Passenger transport — Railways — Road — Maritime Transport

Transport is the lifeblood of the economy and connects European citizens. This connectivity, however, comes at a cost. Accidents, traffic jams, polluting emissions, and noise are the external costs of transport. This chapter focuses on the environmental dimension of transport and on how standard setting and market-based measures mitigate the external transport costs without distorting markets. The chapter describes the initiatives taken to address the adverse effects of transport for the environment. It deals with developments in the main transport modes: reducing emissions on roads, reducing railway noise, efforts to enhance the sustainability of aviation, reducing pollution by maritime transport, and the introduction of the emissions-trading scheme in the transport sector

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