Part II Common Issues, 2 Regulation and Competition
Tim Maxian Rusche
Edited By: Luis Ortiz Blanco, Ben Van Houtte
- Institutional structure of Community — Market definition — Market power — European Union — Transport
This chapter explores what is actually meant by ‘regulation’ in the transport sector. Whereas competition law is applied by the Commission and national competition authorities, regulation involves a much broader set of actors. In particular, the Union legislator has created a number of agencies in this field, and the applicable legislation often entrusts national regulators with certain tasks. The chapter describes the respective roles of EU institutions, agencies, and national regulators in applying the EU regulatory framework in the transport sector. The precise extent of tasks that has been attributed to them varies; whether the decisions are limited to clearly defined executive powers, as required by Meroni, is explored.