- United Kingdom — Private actions — National Courts — National courts — National Competition Authorities (NCAs)
This chapter introduces the important changes that have been made to the UK competition law regime by the Enterprise and Regulatory Reform Act 2013 (ERRA) and the Consumer Rights Act 2015 (CRA). Section A discusses the Strategic Steer issued by the Government to the newly created Competition and Markets Authority (CMA) and, more generally, the degree of political involvement in the competition law regime. Section B provides a brief overview of the UK competition law regime, explaining the interaction of the administrative, civil, and criminal regimes and the policy challenges arising out of that interaction. In Section C, the authors introduce the problems with various aspects of the regime prior to its reform.